Hunger is a major problem that affects millions of people all over the world. Despite the efforts of various organizations, governments, and individuals, the issue of world hunger remains unresolved. In this article, we will look at some of the most important world hunger facts that everyone needs to know.

Below are the world Hunger Facts:

Number of Hungry People

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), there were approximately 821 million people who were hungry in the world in 2018. This is roughly one in every nine people on the planet. The majority of these hungry people live in developing countries, with the highest numbers found in Africa and Asia.

Causes of Hunger

Hunger is caused by a variety of factors, including poverty, lack of access to food, conflict, and natural disasters. In many developing countries, poverty is the main cause of hunger. People living in poverty may not have enough money to buy food, or may not have access to food because of poor infrastructure or lack of markets. Conflict can also disrupt food systems and make it difficult for people to access food. Natural disasters, such as droughts or floods, can also have a significant impact on food security, destroying crops and reducing the availability of food.


Hunger can lead to malnutrition, which is a lack of essential nutrients that the body needs to function properly. Malnutrition can have serious health consequences, including stunted growth, increased susceptibility to illness, and a weakened immune system. In some cases, malnutrition can even be fatal. Children are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition, and it can have long-term effects on their cognitive and physical development.

Food Waste

Despite the fact that millions of people are hungry, a significant amount of food is wasted every year. The FAO estimates that approximately one-third of all food produced in the world is lost or wasted. This food waste contributes to the problem of world hunger and is also a waste of resources, including land, water, and energy.

Solution to Hunger

There are several steps that can be taken to address the issue of world hunger. One of the most important is to improve access to food for people who are hungry. This can be achieved through various means, including improving infrastructure, promoting agricultural development, and supporting local food systems. Another important step is to reduce food waste, by improving storage and transportation methods, and reducing the amount of food that is thrown away. Finally, it is important to address the root causes of hunger, such as poverty, conflict, and natural disasters. This can be done through various means, including economic development, conflict resolution, and disaster preparedness and response.

Efforts to Reduce Hunger

There are many organizations, governments, and individuals working to reduce world hunger. The FAO, for example, works with governments and other partners to improve food security and nutrition, promote sustainable agriculture, and reduce food waste. Other organizations, such as the World Food Programme, focus on providing food assistance to people who are in need. Additionally, many private companies and individuals are involved in efforts to reduce hunger, through donations, volunteering, and advocacy.

Impact of Climate Change on Hunger

Climate change is having a significant impact on food security and hunger, particularly in developing countries. Changes in temperature, rainfall, and extreme weather events can affect crops and disrupt food systems, making it more difficult for people to access food. Additionally, climate change can exacerbate poverty and conflict, which can also contribute to hunger.

Future of Hunger

The future of world hunger will depend on the actions taken by governments, organizations, and individuals. If effective measures are taken to address the root causes of hunger, such as poverty and conflict, and if efforts are made to improve food security and reduce food waste, it is possible to significantly reduce the number of hungry people in the world. However, if these actions are not taken, the number of hungry people could continue to increase, particularly in light of the impacts of climate change on food systems.

In conclusion, world hunger is a complex issue with multiple causes and consequences. Understanding the facts about world hunger is the first step in addressing this global problem. By working together and taking effective action, it is possible to reduce the number of people who are hungry and improve food security for all.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *